This review aims to give the reader an idea of real-life, working quantum computers, their technical characteristics, prospects, and capabilities. The review will consider the following aspects:
- Review and analysis of current states and advances in the field of quantum computers;
- Quantum Computers and Cloud Applications
- Examples of quantum applications
- Technical characteristics of real-life quantum computers;
- Consideration of key players in the quantum computing industry;
- Researching the application of quantum computers in various fields such as finance, medicine, science, and technology;
- Assessment of the prospects for the development of quantum computing and potential technological breakthroughs;
- An overview of the key challenges and problems associated with the development and operation of quantum computers.
The review will be useful for all those interested in the topic of quantum computers: students, scientists, specialists in various fields, and the general public, as well as stimulate further study and discussion of the topic of quantum computers.
Review and analysis of current states and advances in quantum computers
Quantum computers are one of modern science and technology’s most actively developing areas. Many important results and progress have been achieved in this area in recent years. Here are some of them:
- In 2021, Google announced that it had achieved quantum supremacy on its 53-qubit Sycamore quantum processor. The company claimed that its processor could perform a task that would have taken about 10,2 years on the most powerful supercomputer, Summit. However, IBM disputed this result, arguing that Summit could have solved the same problem in 5.<> days with greater accuracy.
- In 2022, IBM unveiled its 433-qubit Quantum Condor quantum processor, which has become the most powerful quantum processor. The company also announced its roadmap to build a million-qubit quantum processor by 2030.
- In 2022, Microsoft announced its first 80-qubit quantum processor, which will be available through the Azure Quantum cloud service. The company has also developed its programming language for quantum computing, Q#.
- In 2022, Intel unveiled its new 144-qubit quantum processor, which uses spin-qubit technology. The company also uses superconducting transistor technology to work on 1000,<>-qubit quantum processors.
- In 2022, Amazon launched its cloud service for accessing quantum computers, Amazon Bracket. The service allows users to experiment with different types of quantum processors from different vendors, such as D-Wave, IonQ, and Rigetti.
- In 2022, Alibaba unveiled its first commercial 11-qubit quantum processor, which is also available through Alibaba’s Cloud Quantum Development Platform cloud service. The company has also developed its programming language for quantum computing, the Aliyun Quantum Language (AQL).